Household Food Expenditure, Dietary Diversity, and Child Nutrition in Nepal
This study assesses the empirical connections between household food expenditure and nutrition outcomes of under-five children using data from the 1995–1996 and 2010–2011 rounds of the Nepal Living Standards Survey. It also examines the effects of dietary quality changes on child nutrition improvement between 1995 and 2011. The authors find that the number of food groups consumed, monthly food expenditure, dietary diversity, and the expenditure shares on fruits and vegetables and animal protein have a positive impact on the expected height-for-age Z-scores. The dietary changes associated with these variables explain about 71 percent of the improvement in in stunting between 1995 and 2011, underscoring the importance of dietary quantity, dietary diversity, and nutrient-dense food items for child nutrition outcomes.